Online Santal Resource Page: the Santals identity, clans, living places, culture,rituals, customs, using of herbal medicine, education, traditions ...etc and present status.

The Santal Resource Page: these are all online published sources

Santal Gãota reaḱ onolko ńam lạgit́ SRP khon thoṛ̣a gõṛ̃o ńamoḱa mente ińaḱ pạtiạu ar kạṭić kurumuṭu...

Thursday, September 30, 2010

Santhal tribals celebrate ‘Baha’ festival in Jharkhand

Durgapur (Jharkhand), June 14 (ANI): With the local priest distributing Sal and Mahua flowers to both men and women, and tribals dancing to drum beats, the colourful festival of ‘Baha’ was celebrated amid traditional gaiety in Durgapur region of Jharkhand recently.

In the three-day long festival, the first day was dedicated to purification. On this day, tribals gather at the spot named ‘Jatherthan’ (holy grove) in their village and set up an abode for the deity. Later the priest offers prayers.

On the second day, the tribals once again gather at the ‘Jatherthan’ singing and dancing, and the priest after offering prayers, performs various rituals in honour of the deity and their ancestors.

The priest later visits all the houses in the village where the women wash his feet and he gives them Sal flowers as per tradition. Sal flowers have a special significance for the tribals.

“The Sal and Mahua flowers with which the priest offers the prayers and performs the rituals, are distributed and we all wear them. Men tuck these behind their ears while the women adorn their hair with these. We sing and dance to celebrate the Santhal holi. The priest goes from house to house, where women wash his feet, he then gives them the Sal flower. This is our tribal traditional ‘Baha’ festival,” said Lobin Murmu, President, Santhal Samiti, Durgapur.

The third and last day is that of celebration. The tribals also celebrate the ‘Baha’ Holi, the festival of colours, as part of their traditional heritage.

And throughout the festivities, the priest sleeps on a straw mat on a floor purified with cow dung.

The Santhals are one of the largest tribal communities of India, inhabiting the states of Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa, Assam and Bihar. (ANI)


Monday, September 27, 2010

"A Santali-English dictionary"

"A Santali-English dictionary"

This big text. This is why, find "A Santali-English dictionary" from link.
The link is:


Sunday, September 26, 2010

List of BIBLIOGRAPHY of Santali Dictionary

# Online Dictionary: Bodding’s Santali Dictionary Search
# Prof. R.C. Hansdah’s Framework for Learning and Understnding Santali in Ol Chiki Script
# Anderson, Gregory D.S. to appear. “Santali (~Santhali)” Encyclopedia Britannica
# Anderson, Gregory D.S. to appear. “Santali”. Jane Garry et al. (ed.). Encyclopedia of the World’s Major Languages - Past and Present
# Anonymous. 1929. Tea Districts Labour Association Language Handbook: Santhali. Calcutta: Catholic Orphan Press
# Biswas, A.K. 1995. “Santhal Rebellion: A study of little known facts of their life and culture.” Bulletin of Bihar Tribal Welfare Research Institute, Ranchi. XXXV, December 1995:13-24
# Bodding, P.O. 1922. Materials for a Santali grammar, I (mostly phonetic). Dumka: Santal Mission of the Northern Churches
# Bodding, P.O. 1925-29. Santal Folk Tales. Oslo: H. Aschehough & Co.[Reprint: 1997. New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House]
# Bodding, P.O. 1929. A Santali grammar for beginners. Benagaria: Santal Mission of the Northern Churches
# Bodding, P.O. 1929. Materials for a Santali grammar, II (mostly morphological). Dumka: Santal Mission of the Northern Churches
# Bodding, P.O. 1929-1936. A Santali dictionary (5 volumes). Oslo: I Kommisjon Hos Jacob Dybwab (Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters)
# Bompas, Cecil Henry (translator). Reprint: 2001. Folklore of the Santal Parganas. Translated by Cecil Henry Bompas. New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House (No data on first publication available)
# Campbell, A. 1899-1902. A Santali-English Dictionary. 3 parts. Pokhuria: Santal Mission Press
# Campbell, A. 1905. English-Santali; Index to Santali-English Dictionary. Pokhuria: Santal Mission Press
# Campbell, A. & R.M. Macphail. 1933. A Santali-English and English-Santali Dictionary. Pokhuria: Santal Mission Press
# Campbell, G. 1866. “The Ethnography of India (Appendix 2: Santal vocabulary)”. JASB 35/2:1-52
# Cole, F.T. 1879. “Lists of words and phrases with their Santali equivalents” Indian Antiquary 8:194-6
# Cole, F.T. 1906. Santali Primer. Pokhuria: Santal Mission Press
# Culshaw, Wesley J. 1949. Tribal Heritage: A Study of the Santals. London: Lutterworth
# Ghosh, Arun Kumar. 1992. “Tagmemic analysis of some aspects of the Santali transitive verb.” In: J.C. Sharma (ed.): From sound to discourse. A tagmemic approach to Indian languages. Manasagangotri, Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages
# Ghosh, Arun Kumar. 1994. Santali - A Look into Santal Morphology. New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House.
# Hembram, S. 1985. Bengali-Medium: Santali Self-Taught. Mecheda, Midnapore: Marang Buru Press. Revised by M.K. Soren
# Hembrom, T. 1996. The Santals: anthropological-theological reflections on Santali & biblical creation traditions. Calcutta: Punthi Pustak
# Kinshuk, Rudra. ca. 1997. Songs of the wild birds: a collection of Santal folk songs. Transcreated by Rudra Kinshuk. Calcutta: Writers Workshop
# Kisku, D. Barka. 2000. The Santals and their Ancestors. Dumka: Career Press
# Kisku, P.C. & K.R. Soren. 1951. santAlI SabdakoS. Deoghar: Santal Paharia Seva Mandal
# Macphail, R.M. 1954. Campbell’s Santali-English Dictionary. 3rd ed. Benegaria: Santal Mission Press
# Macphail, R.M. 1954. Campbell’s English-Santali Dictionary. 3rd ed. Benegaria: Santal Mission Press
# Macphail, R.M.. 1964. An introduction to Santali. Calcutta: Firma KLM Private Limited.
# Majhi, L. 1990. Santal: byakarasa, racanakali, sabdakosa [Santali(-Oriya) dictionary] Bhubaneshwar: Adibasi Bhasha o Samskriti Ekademi
# Martin, W. 1898. English-Santali Vocabulary. Benares: Medical Hall Press
# Minegishi, Makoto. 1990. “Santali-English-Japanese Wordlist - A Preliminary Report”. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 39. ILCAA, Tokyo
# Minegishi, Makoto & Ganesh Murmu. 2001. Santali Basic Lexicon with Grammatical Notes. Tokyo: Institute for the Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies (Asian and African Lexicon Series No. 38)
# mitra, Aditya “sa~tAlI”. 1995. nyut Ar mArsAl (kAhnI puthI). rA~cI: janjAtIya bhAZA akAdamI
# Mukherjee, C.L. 1962. The Santals. Calcutta: A. Mukherjee
# Murmu, Ganesh. 1998. Bibliography of Santali Literature. Calcutta: Biswajnan
# Murmu, R. 1976. Ranar: A Santali grammar in Santali. (Ol script work). Baripada
# Neukom, Lukas. in press. “Argument Marking in Santali.” In: Mon-Khmer Studies,XXX.
# Neukom, Lukas. 2001. Santali. Munchen: Lincom (Languages of the World/Materials, 323)
# Neukom, Lukas. 2001. “Nomen/Verb-Distinktion im Santali.” Bernhard Walchli & Fernando Zuniga (eds.). Sprachbeschreibung und Typologie. Publikation zum Workshop vom 16. Dezember 2000 in Bern. Bern: Institut fur Sprachwissenschaft
# O’Malley, L.S.S. 1999 (Reprint). Bengal district gazetteers: Santal Parganas. New Delhi: Logos Press (No data on first publication available)
# Orans, M. 1965. The Santal: A Tribe in Search of a Great Tradition. Detroit: Wayne State University Press
# Phillips, Jeremiah. 1852. An Introduction to the Santali language. Calcutta
# Phillips, Jeremiah. 1845/1852. A Santali Primer. Calcutta: School Book Society
# prasAd, S. 1988. santAlI-hindI SabdakoS. Ranchi: bihAr janjAtIya kalyAN Sodh saMsthAn
# Puxley, E.L. 1868. Vocabulary of the Santali Language. London: W.M. Watts
# sAhu, Doman “samIr”. 1962, 1968. santAlI praveSikA. 2 Volumes
# sAhu, Doman “samIr”. 1993. hindI-santAlI SabdakoS. devaghar: hindI vidyApITh
# sAhu, Doman. 1998. hoR sereny. (pahil haTiny). rA~cI: bihAr sarkAr, kalyAN vibhAg, jan jAtIya bhAZA akAdamI
# Sebeok, T. 1943. “Phonemic analysis of Santali” Journal of the American Oriental Society 63:66-7
# Sinha, Saloni. 2000. Causatives in Kharia, Kurux and Santhali. A Case of Language Convergence in Jharkhand. M.Phil. Dissertation, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
# Skrefsrud, L.O. 1873. A Grammar of the Santhal Language. Benares: Medical Hall Press
# Soren, S.S.K. 1999. Santalia: Catalogue of Santal manuscripts in Oslo.
# Troisi, J. 1976. The Santals: a classified and annotated bibliography. New Delhi: Manohar Book Service
# Troisi, J. 1979. Tribal religion: religious beliefs and practices among the Santals. Columbia, MO: South Asia Books
# TuDu, divyendu “rAskA”. 1990. sAntAl porgonA ren hopon erA. rA~cI: janjAtIya bhAZA akAdamI, bihAr sarkAr
# Zide, Norman Herbert. 1958. “Final Stops in Korku and Santali” IL 19/1:44-8
# Zide, Norman Herbert. 1967. “The Santali Ol Cemet script.” Languages and Areas: Studies Presented to George V. Bobrinskoy. Chicago. 189-9
# Zide, Norman Herbert. 1972. “A Munda Demonstrative System: Santali” J.M.C. Thomas & L. Bernot (eds.). Langues et techniques, Nature et Societe I: Approche Linguistique, 267-74


Thursday, September 23, 2010

AISWA demands second language status to Santali in Jharkhand

Baripada, Nov 5 (UNI) Santali writers, from all over the country, expressed displeasure over the Madhu Koda government's decision to give second language status to Urdu in Jharkhand.

In a resolution, unanimously adopted on the concluding session of the two-day conference here yesterday, the All India Santali Writers' Association(AISWA) demanded that in addition to Urdu, Santali should be given the status of second ''Rajbhasa'' or the state language in Jharkhand.

A memorandum addressed to Chairman of the UPA Steering Committee for Jharkhand Affairs Sibu Soren, the AISWA said there were over 40 lakh Santali-speaking people in Jharkhand, which constituted nearly 22 per cent of the total population of the state.

Claiming Santali as the 'lingua franca' of the 'Adibasis', the memorandum said that many people of Jharkhand understand and speak this language.

The Santali writers urged Mr Soren to intervene and ask the Jharkhand government to include 'Santali' also as a second Rajbhasa in the state.


Monday, September 6, 2010

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