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THE ETHNOGRAPHIC STU DY OF THE SANTALS

A. Name, Identity, Origin and History
1.
Name of the community, other name, name referred by other communities, meaning
associated with the name. The name  of community is  Santals or Shantals . According to Sreferud (1968) is a
corruption of  Saontar.
This was adopted by the Santals when they lived in the area around  Saont  in Midnapur district of West Bengal
.
The word Santal is an English word adopted  fromHindi which corresponds with  Saontar used by Bengali speaking people.
1
Ordinarily  they call themselves as  hor (man). There is another similar term as  hor  which stand for the  way or means. A  hor  (man) is in search of  hor
(way or means) and effort continues till he  finds a satisfactory result.
2
They also call themselves as hor hopon which means child or  children of human beings.

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